Big Green

Big Green

Thundering Spikers - VOLLEYBALL 101


Any attack that lands for a point.

Also, award a KILL when:
- a free ball crosses the net and lands on the floor
- a set, intentional or not, crosses the net and lands on the floor
- an attack is blocked out of bounds or in the net
- when an opposing blocker is in the net, or has a centerline violation
- a dig attempt that crosses the net and lands on the floor for a point for an attacking team
- an attack followed immediately ba an officials called blocking error (see block error)


Any overhead contact of the ball designed to score


Any overhead contact of the ball that
- is hit out of bounds
- is hit into the net leading to a four-hit violation
- hits the antenns
- is blocked down by the opposition on the same side of the attacker leading to a point
- makes a centerline violation
- is called for illegal contact


Kills minus errors, divided by total attacks
- 10 kills 2 errors/16 total attacks = 8/16 = .500


Awarded to the player who passes the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill
- an assist generally is the second contact in a play sequence, followed immediately by a kill on the third contact
- an assist can be awarded off a dig (first c0ntact), provided the attack comes on the second contact


Awarded when
- a serve lands untouched on the opponents side
- the receiving team is overlapped or out of rotation
- if the passer is whistled for a reception error
- the serve is passed, but cannot be kept in play


Awarded when
- the server foot faults
- the serve dosent advance past the net, is out of bounds, or hits antenna
- the server is out of rotation (service error is charged to the person who should have served)
- Note: A ball that hits the net but continues over to the opponents side and remains in bounds is not a service error (2001 rule change)


Awarded when
- A Team B player attempts to receive Team A playerss serve.


Awarded when
- the serve hits the floor near a player
- the player passes the ball, but it cant be kept in play
- player is called for a lift
- Note: For every service ace, there must be a corresponding reception error. When a service ace falls between two players and the scorer cannot judge fault, a Team Recereption error is recorded. Team Reception errors also occur when the receiving team is out of rotation.


Awarded when
- a serve lands keepsa bona fide attack in play with a pass
- A dig is only awarded off an attack attempt from an opposing team
- Thus, a dig is NOT awarded when Team A continues a play off a Team B block attempt as it is not an attempt
- A dig is NOT awarded on a serve attempt, as this is a serve reception


Awarded when a player blocks the ball to the oppositions court leading directly to a point without a successful dig

- SOLO when only one blocker is up
- ASSIST when more than one blocker is up, awarded to all contributing blockers regardless if only one person blocks the ball. Generally, a block assist occurs occasionally with three blockers. However, all three blockers must go up at the same time and provide an overlap.

A block solo and block assist cannot be recorded on the same play. During the same rally, only one team block can be awarded.

A block (solo or assisted) is not credited if the opposing team successfully digs the block attempt.


Team blocks are calculated by adding the total number of block solos and adding to half the total of block assists.

Example: Blocks Solos 4, Block Assists 12 (TEAM BLOCKS = 4 + (12/12) = 10)


Awarded when
- blocker is in the net or steps over the center line
- back row blocker
- blocker is called for reaching over the net

A blocking error is not given for poor technique. In general, a blocking error only is given after a referees call. Also, a kill is awarded to the opposing attacker on a blocking error if an attack was occurring at the time of the block error.


- every service sce must have a corresponding reception error.
- Conversly, every reception error must have a service ace.
- Every assist must have a corresponding kill.
- Overpasses are not reception errors.

Since blocks must come off an opponents attack attempt, Team Bs offensive attack from Team As overpass should be recorded as am attack (kill if Team Bs execution leads directly to a point). This situation appears often as a block or directional attack at the net. However, blocks can only be awarded on an opponents attack, not overpass.